From the start of the Beijing News Express to participate in the development of nuclear submarines, Huang Xuhua knew that this will be a lifetime career. He made a solemn promise that he was willing to name no one.
Huang Xuhua is the chief designer of the first generation of nuclear submarines in China. He has devoted himself to tackling key problems in technology and has made great contributions to the development of nuclear submarines for 30 years. Today (January 10) morning, the 2019 National Science and Technology Awards Congress. Academician Huang Xuhua won the National Supreme Science and Technology Award of 2019.
Huang Xuhua's original ambition is to inherit the father's karma and save people from medical treatment. But during the War of Resistance, China's experience of being bombed by Japanese warplanes gave him the idea of \"science\" to save the country by building warships from aviation. Since then, he has been admitted to the Department of Shipbuilding of Shanghai Jiaotong University.
In the 1950s, nuclear deterrence continued to be exercised by the superpowers in charge of the nuclear monopoly, and a number of international military powers strengthened the development of a new type of weapon, the nuclear submarine. In 1958, China's top-secret nuclear submarine project was formally approved. Huang Xuhua, then 34, became one of the first 29 people to develop a nuclear submarine.
“You cannot go out in this field, you have to do it all your life, you can't go out when you make a mistake, you have to stay here and clean up so you don't take state secrets out. When he first came into contact with the job, he knew that because of the secrecy of the job he was doing, it meant being a lifelong hero. "Joining a nuclear submarine, I'm like a nuclear submarine, potentially underwater, I don't want to be famous." said Huang Xuhua.
For the next 30 years, mr huang never returned to his hometown in guangdong, and his parents and relatives had no idea what he was doing in beijing and could only keep in touch with him via mail. It was not until 1987 that mr. huang sent to his mother a report on the publication of the monthly journal wenhui's report,\" a life without name,\" that the 92-year-old learned that his third son had been anonymous for 30 years for china's nuclear submarines.
In 1959, when Khrushchev visited China, China asked the Soviet Union to help develop nuclear submarines. Khrushchev arrogantly said that the technology of nuclear submarines is complex and costly, China has no level and ability to develop. Chairman mao later said,\" nuclear submarines,10,000 years to come out!\"
In the absence of professionals and materials, Huang Xuhua and the development team can only grope forward. \"At first everyone thought that putting a nuclear reactor on a conventional submarine was a nuclear submarine, but it was completely different.\" The vastness of foreign coverage and high-security information about nuclear submarines have been combed together. \"We use a magnifying glass to find out its doubts, and then a microscope to enlarge and know its contents, and then to use our own knowledge to identify the truth and falsehood with a'light mirror'. Huang Xuhua's \"three mirrors\" reflect the hard work of the research team.
At this time, other people from abroad to bring back missile nuclear submarine model, has become an intuitive reference for team research. They disassembled the model team several times and found that it was basically in line with the design of the show.
Without high-tech, teams sometimes use \"earthy\" solutions. In order to control the weight of the submarine, huang xuhua thought of a very troublesome way to put a scale at the entrance of the platform, all the equipment and corner spare materials are taken in and out of the record every day. This persisted for several years, when the submarine launched to do a fixed re-test dive, the center of gravity and floating heart is completely within control.
During the test, huang xuhua himself took part in the test, becoming the first person in the world to do the test.
He said:'No equipment, materials or pipelines are imported from inside or outside the nuclear submarines, they are made by China itself, and there is a considerable margin in the design. \"But are there any potential dangers beyond knowledge, or are there risks that are not recognized? I can only go on with it, in the process of deep dive, if there is an abnormal phenomenon, I can help to take immediate measures. He said he must go down and get the complete data back.
On December 26,1970, China's first attack-type nuclear submarine, with the painstaking efforts of Huang Xuhua and many researchers, was launched smoothly. On August 1,1974, China's first nuclear submarine was named Long March 1 and officially included in the naval combat sequence.
Today,95-year-old mr. huang is no longer on the scientific front line, positioning himself as a cheerleader to \"drum up and support\" young people and encourage them to let go.
Last year, Huang Xuhua was awarded the \"Order of the Republic \". \"It is not my honour, it belongs to every member of the nuclear submarine front.\" He said,\" swear to be a real celebrity. I and my colleagues, this life belongs to the motherland, this life without regret.